Wednesday, October 01, 2014

Nile Rodgers Biography

alt

There is nothing you can say about Nile Rodgers that hasn't already been heard by billions of people, via millions of radio airwaves, in thousands of cities, in hundreds of countries. The career of Nile Rodgers is one of the most enduring and prolific in music. Nile's signature is scrawled across an amazing array of music - from Madonna to Diana Ross, from David Bowie to Eric Clapton.

 

CONTENT - 1970's | Formation of CHIC | 1980's | 1990's | 2000's | 2010's

Nile Gregory Rodgers is an American musician, composer, arranger, and guitarist, and is considered one of the most influential music producers in the history of popular music.

Rodgers began his career as a session guitarist in New York, touring with the Sesame Street band in his teens, and then working in the house band at Harlem's world famous Apollo Theater – playing behind Screaming Jay Hawkins, Maxine Brown, Aretha Franklin, Ben E. King, Betty Wright, Earl Lewis and the Channels, Parliament Funkadelic, and many other legendary R&B artists.

1970s

Nile met bassist Bernard Edwards in 1970. Together they formed The Big Apple Band that backed R&B act New York City (“I’m Doing Fine Now”). The band’s one hit allowed them to tour extensively, even opening for The Jackson 5 on the American leg of their first world tour in 1973. New York City disbanded after their second album failed to yield a hit, but Nile and Bernard joined forces with drummer Tony Thompson, and worked and recorded as a Funk Rock band called The Boys. They played numerous gigs up and down the East Coast. Despite major label interest in their demos, they could not get a record deal when the record companies discovered they were black; the excuse was that black Rock & Roll artists would be too hard to promote. The band continued gigging, but more often as the Big Apple Band, playing local bars.

Formation of CHIC

As the Big Apple Band, Rodgers and Edwards worked with Ashford & Simpson, Luther Vandross and many others. But another New York artist named Walter Murphy, got a hit record and his band was also called The Big Apple Band. Rodgers and Edwards were forced to change their band’s name to avoid confusion, hence the R&B/Funk /Disco band CHIC was formed in 1977. Between gigs they recorded their first album with their then boss Luther Vandross. Luther provided the background vocals on the group’s early recordings. The band scored numerous top ten hits and helped propel Disco to new levels of popularity. CHIC’s chart-topping songs “Le Freak,” “I Want Your Love,” “Everybody Dance,” “Dance, Dance, Dance,” “My Forbidden Lover,” and "Good Times” have become Club/Pop/R&B standards. “Le Freak” is Atlantic Records’ only triple platinum selling single and “Good Times” shot to the #1 spot in spite of the Disco Sucks backlash in 1979.

The success of CHIC's first singles led Atlantic to offer Rodgers and Edwards the opportunity to produce any act on its roster. They chose Sister Sledge, and the rest is history. The 1978 album, We Are Family, peaked at #3 and remained on the charts well into 1979. The first two singles, "He's The Greatest Dancer" and the title cut “We Are Family” both reached #1 on the R&B chart, and #6 and #2, respectively on the Pop chart. “He’s The Greatest Dancer” was sampled in 1998 to create Will Smith’s "Gettin' Jiggy Wit It," which was #1 Pop for three weeks.

As The CHIC Organization’s tight sound became increasingly sought-after, Rodgers and Edwards began record production with numerous artists – sometimes together, sometimes apart.

1980s

The 80’s were unquestionably Rodgers and Edwards’ most successful decade commercially. In 1980 they wrote and produced the album Diana for Diana Ross, yielding the smash hits “Upside Down” and “I'm Coming Out.” CHIC’s song "Good Times" played a pivotal role in the explosion of Hip Hop music, as an interpolation of the song's bass-line and the record’s string-section sample, was the bedrock of The Sugarhill Gang's “A Rapper's Delight” – the first multiple-platinum Hip Hop single. Edwards' infectious bass-line also influenced Queen’s largest selling single – the1980 hit "Another One Bites The Dust”. The CHIC Organization produced the smash hit "Spacer” for French Pop artist Sheila and B. Devotion and Deborah Harry’s solo album Koo Koo. CHIC dissolved in 1983 after it’s final contractual Atlantic album, Believer and Soup For One (a film soundtrack). At that time Rodgers began a solo career producing his first album Adventures in the Land of the Good Groove.

Rodgers then produced David Bowie's biggest selling album Let's Dance with several hit singles including “China Girl”, “Modern Love” and the title track, “Let’s Dance”. He produced the single “Original Sin” by INXS, which led to Duran Duran. They worked extensively with Rodgers after he co-produced their largest selling hit single, "The Reflex" in 1983 and followed it up with "The Wild Boys" on their 1984 live album Arena.

That same year he produced Madonna's blockbuster album Like a Virgin, spawning her two signature hits "Material Girl" and the album's title track, “Like a Virgin”. He also joined Robert Plant’s platinum selling studio band The Honeydrippers, on the album The Honeydrippers: Volume One. This period sparked Rodgers’ interest in soundtracks. The first of which was Alphabet City, Gremlins (“Out Out” - Peter Gabriel) Against All Odds (“Walk Through the Fire” - Peter Gabriel), That’s Dancing (“Invitation to Dance” - Kim Carnes), White Nights (numerous songs) and The Fly (“Help Me” - Bryan Ferry).

In 1985 Rodgers produced albums for Sheena Easton, Jeff Beck, The Thompson Twins, Mick Jagger, and many others, while still finding time to perform at Live Aid. He was awarded #1 Singles Producer In the World in Billboard magazine to close out the year.

In 1986, he produced Duran Duran's Notorious album, which yielded a #2 title track hit, “Notorious”. During a live set, Simon Le Bon introduced Rodgers by saying, "Well, this band went through a difficult time and it might not have made it if it weren't for this gentleman." Rodgers contributed to numerous other projects and appearances with members of the band throughout the 1980s. He also produced albums for Grace Jones, Earth Wind and Fire’s vocalist Phillip Bailey and Al Jarreau. Rodgers performed on “Higher Love” with Steve Winwood, and records for Cyndi Lauper, Howard Jones, and David Sanborn. He then worked with Peter Gabriel on yet another soundtrack project, Laurie Anderson’s Home of the Brave.

Rodgers formed the short-lived experimental band Outloud in 1987, with David Letterman’s guitarist, composer and vocalist, Felicia Collins, and acclaimed French session musician, producer, composer and keyboardist, Philippe Saisse; they released a single album, Out Loud, on Warner Bros.

In 1988 Rodgers composed his first orchestral soundtrack for the film Coming to America (the second highest grossing film of the year) starring Eddie Murphy. Rodgers followed this with soundtracks forWhite Hot (the world’s first Hi-Def feature motion picture), and Earth Girls Are Easy. The latter would pair him with The B-52’s. In 1989 he co-produced their comeback multi-platinum album Cosmic Thing, which had the hit singles “Love Shack,” “Roam,” “Cosmic Thing” and “Deadbeat Club.” That year he also produced Working Overtime, Diana Ross’ return to Motown, a deal that scored her an executive position at the label, along with releases by The Dan Reed Network, Slam, and Duran Duran’s compilation, Decade: Greatest Hits, which was appropriately titled. It was the biggest music-selling decade of Rodgers’ life, as well as many of the artists he worked with.

1990s

In September 1990, Epic Records released the Rodgers produced Vaughan Brothers album, Family Style, shortly after the untimely death of guitar virtuoso Stevie Ray Vaughan. Early in this decade he also produced projects for David Bowie, Eric Clapton, The B-52s, David Lee Roth, Ric Ocasek, The Dan Reed Network, Kathy Dennis, Patty Griffin, Jimmy Vaughan, The Stray Cats and many others artists, along with continuing soundtrack work on Thelma and Louise, Cool World and The Beavis and Butthead Experience (co-writer of “Come to Butthead”). After a 1992 birthday party where Rodgers, Bernard Edwards, Paul Shaffer and Anton Fig played old CHIC hits to rapturous response. Rodgers and Edwards reformed a new version of CHIC. They recorded a fresh crop of material for the album CHIC-Ism and performed live worldwide.

In 1996, Rodgers was honored as the JT Super Producer of the year. He performed with Edwards, Sister Sledge, Steve Winwood, Simon Le Bon and Slash in a series of commemorative concerts in Japan, which provided a career retrospective. Unfortunately, his longtime musical partner and close friend Bernard Edwards died of pneumonia during the trip, a blow that Rodgers took very hard. A year later Rodgers returned to Japan to pay homage to his fallen partner and pave the way to a new musical future.

He started playing live concerts again while composing and producing music for film soundtracks; Beverly Hills Cop 3, Blue Chips, The Flintstones and Feeling Minnesota (working with Bob Dylan) to name but a few.

In 1998, Rodgers founded Sumthing Else Music Works record label and Sumthing Distribution, an independent music label distributor. Sumthing focuses on distributing a fast-growing new genre: video game soundtracks. Its titles include the complete Halo and Resident Evil franchises and other well-known Triple-A game soundtracks like Gears of War and Borderlands.

2000s

Rodgers focused on many soundtrack projects, film and video games alike. Among them were: Rush Hour 2, Snow Dogs and Semi-Pro starring Will Ferrell, who co-wrote the title song “Love Me Sexy” with Rodgers. In 2002-2003 he co-produced Astronaut, with the original five members of Duran Duran.

The September 11th tragedies prompted Rodgers to create the We Are Family Foundation (WAFF) to help promote the healing process. To begin, he organized a re-recording of the song he and Edwards wrote for Sister Sledge called "We Are Family" with more than 200 musicians, celebrities, and personalities. Director Spike Lee filmed the "We Are Family" music video and director Danny Schechter filmed a documentary depicting the recording sessions called The Making and Meaning of We Are Family. The film was chosen as a Sundance Film Festival Special Selection in 2002. Rodgers continued the healing process and produced another "We Are Family" music video involving more than 100 beloved children's television characters. The children's music video airs as a public service announcement on Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, and PBS stations promoting a common humanity and celebrating the vision of a global family.

Rodgers received the National Academy of Recording Arts (NARAS) and Sciences NY Chapter's Governor's Lifetime Achievement Award and the Heroes Award. On September 19, 2005 he was honored at the Dance Music Hall of Fame in New York when he was inducted for his many outstanding achievements as a producer, along with former fellow band mate Bernard Edwards.

CHIC has been nominated to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame six times - 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2011. Rodgers served as co-musical director for the tribute concert to Ahmet Ertegün at the Montreux Jazz Festival in the summer of 2006. The concert included performances by CHIC, Robert Plant, Steve Winwood, Stevie Nicks, Kid Rock, Ben E. King, Chaka Khan, George Duke (co-music director), Paolo Nutini and many other artists who were signed to Ertegün's Atlantic Records.

2010s

Rodgers' autobiography, "Le Freak: An Upside Down Story of Family, Disco and Destiny" published by Random House (Spiegel & Grau) and Little, Brown, was released in October 2011.

Rodgers received the We Are Family Foundation 2011 Humanitarian Award. On October 24, 2011, he was honored at We Are Family Foundation’s 10 Year Celebration Gala in New York City, for his tremendous efforts and inroads into making the human condition better throughout the world.

In 2012, Rodgers served as a curator for the Montreux Jazz Festival, creating the Freak Out! Montreux Dance Party, an incredible celebration of the evolution of dance music. The evening included special performances by Nile Rodgers & CHIC, Mark Ronson, Grace Jones, La Roux, Felix da Housecat, Dimitri from Paris, Alison Moyet, Cerrone, Martha Wash, Tavares, DJ Greg Cerrone, Ultra Naté, female world-champion beatboxer Butterscotch, and Taylor Dayne.

Rodgers received the Winter Music Conference 2012 Lifetime Achievement Award at the 28th Annual Dance Music Awards in Miami Beach on March 21, 2013.

In March 2013, Rodgers was profiled in the highly rated BBC4 documentary special, "Nile Rodgers: The Hitmaker."

CONTENT - 1970's | Formation of CHIC | 1980's | 1990's | 2000's | 2010's

Category: BIOGRAPHY